Historically, axes have been used for many purposes including shaping, splitting, and chopping wood, collecting wood, and as weapons and historical emblems. Its uses have included all of these things and more. There are many different shapes and these can be used for a wide variety of purposes, but its most basic configuration is a head attached to a handle, sometimes known as a helve. Then there are different types of heads and different types of handles.
An example of a basic machine is the ax, which may be thought of as a form of wedge or a dual-inclined plane. The amount of labor required by the wood chopper is lowered as a result of this. The concentration of pressure at the blade causes the wood to be cut in half so that it may be used. Because the handle isn’t being used to its full potential, the operator may exert more cutting force at the sharp end. Because the handle serves as a lever, this is conceivable.
This effect may occasionally have a favorable impact when used for fine chopping with a side, but when felled with a double-bitted, it has the opposite effect and diminishes efficiency. The ax shape also plays a role in its useability.
How are they exactly made?
Ax making is a three-step process involving forging, heat treatment/sharpening, and handles making. All the medieval types were made using the above method.
To begin, a hole must be chiseled into a slab of mild low carbon steel. The eye will take place here. A mandrel is used to elongate the eye to the desired size. One end of the billet is then cut off, and the tougher cutting edge is formed by inserting an alloyed Bohler K460 tool steel wedge into it. Borax is sprinkled over the after it has been heated to a dark yellow hue. The oxidation scale is washed away from the welding joint by melting borax.
Welding takes place once again as the two pieces of steel forge are heated up to a brilliant yellow glow. Blacksmith then shapes and grinds the rough edges of the ax’s head. After this, the ax is ready for annealing.
Heat treatment and sharpening
An annealing process is required to eliminate the tensions that were created during forging. This is accomplished by first heating the ax to 850 degrees Celsius and then slowly cooling it to ambient temperature. The ax then undergoes normalization, the second stage of heat treatment. Our maker’s mark is etched into the steel, and the ax cools down naturally in the open air after being heated to 800 degrees Celsius. Hardening is the last stage in the process of normalizing steel.
The ax is heated to 800 degrees Celsius in a furnace for the second time. The ax is now sufficiently hard, but it is also quite fragile, necessitating further tempering.
To ensure a flawless fit, each ax handle is custom-made for each ax head. With a bandsaw, the handle shape is roughed out. The drawknife is then used to form the handle. It is practically impossible to use an ax without shaving its handle to fit its eye. Sandpaper is used for final finishing to achieve a tight fit. It is then necessary to use epoxy wood glue to secure the wooden wedge in place after punching it firmly into the ax head.
What are the types of ax?
There are multiple different types. Some are used for work purposes and others for attacking or war in the past.
Battle axs have a history of being used as weapons of mass destruction in the context of warfare. During the time of the Vikings and across ancient Europe, they were used most often. The utility was the precursor to the more specialized battle. Many of them could be used with one hand, while others, which were typically bigger, required the use of both hands. Many battle types will be discussed ahead.
1. Viking/Danish Axe
A Viking ax type that was used by Vikings and Danes in warfare, the Viking or Danish ax was equally useful in the house as on the battlefield. With a long handle and a razor-sharp blade, it’s a formidable weapon. In literature and fantasy, they’re a common sight, and you’ll often see them in the hands of historical re-enactors.
Although it was originally designed for warfare, this North American-style ax may be used for other tasks as well. The originals had a stone head, but metal blades were introduced, which enhanced the weight distribution and longevity. One pound is around the weight of a modern tomahawk, which is about two feet long. Many are intended to be thrown and may easily be mistaken for tactical because of their excellent balance.
3. Forest Axe
Axes made specifically for falling trees are known as forests. These are designed to take down exceptionally massive trees, thus the extra-long handles. Blades on forest axes are sharp and flared, with a curled point.
4. Ice Axe
Mountaineers in snowy climates rely on the ice and multipurpose equipment. If you’re going to utilize the pick, you’ll want to use it as a point of leverage.
5. Handmade Axe
Handcrafted are manufactured entirely by hand, and no complicated machinery is utilized in the process. Due to this labor and the resulting inventiveness, these are expensive. Many stainless sheets of steel are handcrafted to a high degree of perfection.
How are different axes unique from each other?
Axes vary from one another because of a variety of characteristics present in the system. The ax’s intended use is the first consideration. Whether the ax was made for fighting or working will have a huge impact on its shape, size, and weight. Pick ax types and ice ax types are two that are used in current days for woodworking and climbing mountains and these look nowhere close to old battle ones.
The other reason is creativity. There are many forgeries either a sole trader or a company that takes pride in their produced work and will strive to make it as beautiful and eye-catching as possible. While not practical this type of custom-made ax will have a high value in the market.
How to maintain your ax?
Maintaining an ax regularly is essential if you want it to endure a long time. Before placing the sheath on your ax, you should thoroughly clean it of any dirt or moisture. When storing an ax for an extended length of time, it’s a good idea to coat the head with some oil or grease. The ax’s edge is the component that will take the greatest abuse during usage. You should sharpen your ax’s edge regularly if you want it to continue performing at its peak.
Use a moist sandstone for the finest effects. Sharpening the whole length of the edge on both sides is essential to ensuring that your ax retains its original usefulness. This may be necessary after sharpening to eliminate the burrs and rough edges. Rotate the hone over the edge of the water or oil while submerging it. Now and again, the hone has to be wiped down to remove any stray steel.